Antenatal Care

Prenatal care include taking extra folic acid, avoiding drugs, tobacco smoking, and alcohol, taking regular exercise, having blood tests, and regular physical examinations.

pregnancy is divided into three trimesters, each lasting for approximately 3 months. The first trimester includes conception, which is when the sperm fertilizes the egg. Around the middle of the second trimester, movement of the fetus may be felt.

A pregnancy is considered term at 37 weeks of gestation. It is preterm if less than 37 weeks and postterm at or beyond 42 weeks of gestation. division with early term 37 weeks up to 39 weeks, full term 39 weeks up to 41 weeks, and late term 41 weeks up to 42 weeks.

Common signs and symptoms of pregnancy include:

  • Tiredness
  • Morning sickness
  • Constipation
  • back pain
  • Occasional, irregular, and often painless contractions.swelling of the lower limbs.
  • Low blood pressure
  • Increased urinary frequency
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Varicose veins.
  • piles
  • Regurgitation, heartburn, and nausea.
  • Stretch marks
  • Breast tenderness
  • Melasma

The aim of good prenatal care is prevention, early identification, and treatment of any medical complications. A basic prenatal visit consists of measurement of blood pressure, fundal height, weight and fetal heart rate, checking for symptoms of labor,