Family planning

women, men, or couples  in their lifetime may need contraceptive method. These elements include safety, effectiveness, availability (including accessibility and affordability), and acceptability.

Reversible Methods of Birth Control

Levonorgestrel intrauterine system (LNG IUD)—small T-shaped device like the Copper T IUD.  placed inside the uterus and releases progestin each day. Copper T intrauterine device (IUD) device shaped in the form of a “T.”  placed it inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy.

Hormonal Methods

Implant—The implant is a single, thin rod that is inserted under the skin of a women’s upper arm.

Injection —shots of the hormone progestin in the buttocks or arm every three months

Combined oral contraceptives—Also called “the pill,” contain the hormones estrogen and progestin.

Progestin only pill—the progestin-only pill or mini-pill) only has one hormone, progestin, good option for women who can’t take estrogen.Hormonal vaginal contraceptive ring releases the hormones progestin and estrogen. placed the ring inside vagina.

Barrier Methods

  • Diaphragm or cervical cap or Sponge
  • Male condom
  • Female condom
  • Spermicides —foam, gel, cream, film, suppository, or tablet.

Fertility awareness-based methods—Understanding your monthly fertility pattern help you plan to get pregnant or avoid getting pregnant.

Lactational Amenorrhea Metho for breastfeeding mothers, the Lactational Amenorrhea Method (LAM) can be used

Emergency Contraception NOT a regular method of birth control. Emergency contraception can be used after unprotected sex, or if the birth control method failed, or condom broke.

Copper IUD—Women can have the copper T IUD inserted within five days of unprotected sex.

Emergency contraceptive pills—Women can take emergency contraceptive pills up to 5 days after unprotected sex,

Permanent Methods of Birth Control

Female Sterilization—Tubal ligation or “tying tubes”

Male Sterilization–Vasectomy