Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOS),

also known as Polycystic Ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a very common condition affecting 5% to 10% of women in the age group 12–45 years. in which a woman’s hormones are out of balance. It can cause problems with menstrual periods and make it difficult for her to conceive. The principal features include no ovulation, irregular periods, acne and hirsuitism. If not treated it can cause insulin resistant diabetes, obesity and high cholesterol leading to heart disease.

  • Acne
  • Weight gain and trouble losing weight
  • Extra hair on the face and body.
  • Thinning hair on the scalp
  • Irregular periods
  • Fertility problems
  • Depression

Management includes

  • Lifestyle changes
  • Weight loss through a low-calorie diet combined with moderate exercise activities. Even a modest reduction in your weight — for example, losing 5 percent of your body weight — might improve your condition
  • Maintain a healthy weight. Weight loss can reduce insulin and androgen levels and may restore ovulation.
  •  Choose complex carbohydrates
  • Be active. Exercise helps lower blood sugar levels. increasing your daily activity and participating in a regular exercise program may treat or even prevent insulin resistance and avoid developing diabetes.